Before performing an installation these prerequisites must be fulfilled:
a working Zimbra 8.6 or 8.7.x environment
knowledge and understanding of your network infrastructure setup, especially in regard to your firewall and DNS settings
access to DNS management to create the required DNS settings
access to Firewall management to enable required communication between Zimbra server(s( and VNC Free Chat server(s)
root access to the Zimbra and Chat Server.
Zimbra-Proxy must be installed and running on the Zimbra server, in case you do not have a dedicated Zimbra-Proxy instance running:
$ zmcontrol status | grep proxy proxy Running $
In case you do not have a proxy running, follow the steps decribed in Zimbra-Wiki to enable it.
When the proxy is installed properly it should listen on port 443:
$ sudo netstat -nlp | grep 443 tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:443 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 28098/nginx.conf $
The TLS certificate installed at the VNC Chat server must only cover the talk-server’s hostname:
In case your installation should be restricted to use the ZWC only for VNC Free Chat and external xmpp-clients, like Pidgin, should not be supported, you can even use a self signed SSL-certificate, having the sole requirement to be trusted by the Zimbra-Server. This allows you to let the installer actually automatically create and deploy a self-signed certificate during the installation process.
To make this option available, the installer must be executed with a specific flag. The whole process on how to use a self-signed certificate, including all necessary configurations, modifications and limitations is explained here in section Modifications necessary when using a self-signed SSL-certificate later on.
In case you want to support the use of external xmpp-clients, the talk-server’s SSL-certificate must be generally trusted (commercial, let’s encrypt)
To order a certificate matching the requirements you can create a CSR using this command:
$ openssl req -out yourchatserver.yourdomain.tld.csr -new -newkey rsa:2048 -nodes -keyout yourchatserver.yourdomain.tld.key
For better certificate management, put the key and crt files into the folder /etc/ssl/owncerts. You need to provide the TLS key and the TLS certificate. The certificate file must also include the complete CA chain!
Note 1: Please do not use a certificate with a password1.
Note 2: You may also order a LetsEncrypt-certificate for your talk-server hostname. This [Zimbra-Wiki] (https://wiki.zimbra.com/wiki/Installing_a_LetsEncrypt_SSL_Certificate) article describes, how to install a LetsEncrypt SSL-certificate on Zimbra. For the chat-server you need to provide the privkey1.pem and fullchain1.pem files when prompted for it during the installation process. Please make sure that you create a dedicated certificate for the chat server.
Evaluation and Testing
- Intel/AMD 64-bit CPU 1.5 GHz (min. 2 cores) |
- 1 GB RAM
- Ubuntu 14.04/16.04 LTS Server Edition (64bit) in minimal setup
- 10 GB free disk space
- Intel/AMD 64-bit CPU 2 GHz (min. 4 cores)
- min. 4 GB RAM
- Ubuntu 14.04/16.04 LTS Server Edition (64bit) in minimal setup
- 40 GB free disk space
The Chat application server must only have these ports accessible:
|5222||TCP||XMPP client to server connections|
|5269||TCP||XMPP server to server connections|
Please note: In case you do not want to use external clients, like Pidgin, the only instance to be able to access the Chat-application-server is the Zimbra-Server on Ports 80 and 443, so you
do not even have to provide access to the Chat-server’s Port 5222 here.
only need to make the Zimbra-Server publically available if you are behind a NAT.
In addition to that, the Chat application server must have access to Zimbra’s WSDL-Interface and Admin-UI. The respective ports required can be obtained by executing this query as user zimbra on the attached Zimbra-Server:
$ zmprov gs `zmhostname` zimbraAdminPort zimbraMailSSLPort zimbraMailPort # zimbra.yourdomain.tld zimbraAdminPort: 7071 zimbraMailPort: 8080 zimbraMailSSLPort: 8443 $
Preparing Zimbra Environment¶
Required Information / Credentials¶
During the installation of the Chat server, the installer will ask for several settings and information about your Zimbra and network environment. It is recommended to fetch this information now and copy it to a textfile for convenient usage later on. Execute all the following commands as user zimbra.
- Zimbra (and master LDAP) fully qualified domain (FQDN).
$ zmhostname zimbra.yourdomain.tld $
- LDAP access to your master LDAP - please login to your LDAP Master and execute as zimbra user:
$ zmlocalconfig -s zimbra_ldap_password zimbra_ldap_password = w_A77uZ9 $
The installer will check for additional settings and fetch these automatically. If any additional adjustments are required on your zimbra server, the installer will provide details.
In preparation you should change these settings prior to installing the Chat server:
$ zmprov mcf zimbraZimletJspEnabled TRUE $ zmprov mc default zimbraProxyAllowedDomains "*yourdomain.tld" $ zmprov mcf +zimbraHttpThrottleSafeIPs $ChatServerIPv4 $ zmprov mcf zimbraHttpDosFilterMaxRequestsPerSec 100
Note: Replace the $ChatServerIP by the actual IP of your Chat server, as well as yourdomain.tld by the actual domain name you get when executing this command on the Chat application server:
$ hostname -d yourdomain.tld $
If you do not adjust the settings now, the installer will prompt you for it during the installation process.
This section lists the required DNS entries for the Chat components.
The XMPP server is called xmpp.yourdomain.tld. This server serves the yourdomain.tld. So a user JID2 will be for example email@example.com . For each Chat service and subdomain a SRV DNS record is required, so the clients are informed which server provides the corresponding service, according to the official prosody documentation3:
The target domain (xmpp.example.com) MUST be an existing A record of the target server, it must not be an IP address, and cannot be a CNAME record.
;; ;; VNC XMPP server ;; ;; A records for XMPP server ;; OWNER-NAME TTL CLASS RR IPV4 ;yourdomain.tld. 300 IN A $YOUR.IPv4 ; Use this record if the server has this dns name xmpp.yourdomain.tld. 300 IN A $YOUR.IPv4 ; Zimbra Talk prosody full hostname ;turn.yourdomain.tld. 300 IN A $YOUR.IPv4 ; required for xmpp-file-transfer, which is not available in the current chat-implementation. So it is not necessary. ;; ;; XMPP special records ;; ;; TXT records for BOSH and Websocket ;; OWNER-NAM TTL CLASS RR TEXT _xmppconnect.xmpp.yourdomain.tld. 300 IN TXT "_xmpp-client-xbosh=https://xmpp.yourdomain.tld:443/http-bind" _xmppconnect.yourdomain.tld. 300 IN TXT "_xmpp-client-xbosh=https://xmpp.yourdomain.tld:443/http-bind" ;; ;; SRV records for XMPP ;; SRVCE.PROT.OWNER-NAME TTL CLASS RR PRI WEIGHT PORT TARGET _xmpp-client._tcp.yourdomain.tld. 300 IN SRV 0 5 5222 xmpp.yourdomain.tld. _xmpp-server._tcp.yourdomain.tld. 300 IN SRV 0 5 5269 xmpp.yourdomain.tld. _xmpp-client._tcp.xmpp.yourdomain.tld. 300 IN SRV 0 5 5222 xmpp.yourdomain.tld. _xmpp-server._tcp.xmpp.yourdomain.tld. 300 IN SRV 0 5 5269 xmpp.yourdomain.tld.
During the installation, the installer will create ready-to-use configs for BIND and dnsmasq, stored to the files /etc/vnc-chat/dnsmasq.conf and /etc/vnc-chat/bind.conf
When installation is finished, a tool is provided to check for correct DNS settings, located in /usr/share/vnc-chat/libexec/check_chat_dns.sh
You can find real BIND and dnsmasq examples at the Appendix.
A password secured TLS certificate is currently not supported by Chat ↩
see Section ”Split DNS” on page in Appendix ↩
The domains must also be configured in the backend. Currently all domains are configured during the installation. Whenever a domain is added, run
/usr/share/ztalk/libexec/update-prosody-confto update configuration. ↩